It's usually the overly self-certain, ironically though, they seem to produce work that colleagues and experienced experts and clients find inadequate. When confronted with their errors and short comings, rather than owning the problem, they feel rage and anger towards the messengers.
There’s another key reality to remember, the 'LittleIceAge' is a catchy label no one can resist. But it was decidedly nothing like a real Ice Age, when atmospheric CO2 is down towards 180 ppm and temps remain 4°F to 6°F lower and were globally sustained over many centuries and millennia.
a “Part” of the Scientific Method:
“… a scientific consensus is, by definition, an evidence-based consensus. A convergence of the weight of existing evidence is a prerequisite which distinguishes a knowledge-based scientific consensus from mere agreement.
This is critical, because the scientific enterprise is essentially a meritocracy. As a result, it doesn’t matter if a few contrarians on the fringe disagree with the conclusions unless they can marshal up evidential justification of comparable weight or explain the existing data better.
The weight of the evidence is paramount.In a nutshell, a consensus in science refers to a convergence of many independent lines of high quality evidence all leading the majority of active scientists in a given field to arrive at the same conclusion and/or complimentary conclusions. …”
- CESM is a fully-coupled, community, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states.
- CESM is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Administration of the CESM is maintained by the Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory (CGD) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
- Indo-Pacific Warm Pool variability over the last millennium
- A factorial design approach to climate model forcing interactions
- A statistical framework for comparing paleoclimate data and climate model simulations"
- Anthropogenic Controls on ENSO Diversity
- Causes of the Little Ice Age
- Change of terrestrial aridity and drylands during 850-2100AD
- Changes in regime behavior of ENSO oscillations
- Disentangling Volcanic and ENSO-Related Hydroclimate Impacts
- Drivers of Southern Hemisphere mid-latitude climate variability over the past millennium
- Exploration of the Global Monsoon Across the Last Millennium
- Historical climatic impacts of land-use and land-cover changes
- Hydroclimate changes in East Africa over the last millennium
- Indo-Pacific water isotope variability during the last millennium
- Investigate deep ocean ventilation changes
- Investigating the ENSO response of the tropical Pacific ocean to large Volcanic eruptions
- Investigating the Tropical and South Atlantic Variability during the Last Millenium
- Near-term (sub-decadal) variability in storm activity in the North-Atlantic-European region
- New metrics to quantify the impacts of land cover change on climate
- Pacific Meridional Mode Variability
- Sea ice
- The influence of solar variability on climate over the last millennium
- Seasonally specific precipitation variability in southwestern North America over the past millennium
- The role of forcing in driving the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
- Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)
- Variations of Arctic Oscillation and Antarctic Oscillation during the past millennium
- Volcanic forcing during the last millennium
For the record here's some information on Dr. Mann,
- —; Lees J.M. (1996). "Robust estimation of background noise and signal detection in climatic time series" (PS). Climatic Change. 33 (3): 409–445. Bibcode:1996ClCh...33..409M. doi:10.1007/BF00142586.
- —; Bradley R.S.; Hughes M.K. (1998). "Global-scale temperature patterns and climate forcing over the past six centuries" (PDF). Nature. 392 (6678): 779–787. Bibcode:1998Natur.392..779M. doi:10.1038/33859.
- —; Bradley, R.S.; Hughes, M.K. (1999). "Northern hemisphere temperatures during the past millennium: inferences, uncertainties, and limitations" (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters. 26 (6): 759–762. Bibcode:1999GeoRL..26..759M. doi:10.1029/1999GL900070. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-08.
- —; Bradley, R. S.; Hughes, M. K. (2000). "Long-term variability in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and associated teleconnections" (PDF). In Diaz, Henry F.; Markgraf, Vera (eds.). El Niño and the southern oscillation : multiscale variability and global and regional impact. Cambridge ; New York: NY Cambridge University Press. pp. 357–413. ISBN 978-0-521-62138-0.
- Shindell D.T.; Schmidt G.A.; —; Rind D.; Waple A. (2001). "Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum" (PDF). Science. 294 (5549): 2149–52. Bibcode:2001Sci...294.2149S. doi:10.1126/science.1064363. PMID 11739952.
- —; Jones, P.D. (2003). "Global surface temperatures over the past two millennia" (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters. 30 (15): 1820–23. Bibcode:2003GeoRL..30.1820M. doi:10.1029/2003GL017814.
- — (2009). "Defining Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106 (11): 4065–6. Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.4065M. doi:10.1073/pnas.0901303106. PMC 2657409. PMID 19276105.
- — (2015). "The Serengeti strategy: How special interests try to intimidate scientists, and how best to fight back". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. SAGE. 71 (1): 33–45. doi:10.1177/0096340214563674.
- —; Rahmstorf, Stefan (27 March 2017). "Influence of Anthropogenic Climate Change on Planetary Wave Resonance and Extreme Weather Events". Scientific Reports. Springer Nature. 7: 45242. Bibcode:2017NatSR...745242M. doi:10.1038/srep45242. PMC 5366916. PMID 28345645. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- —; Kump, Lee R. (2008). Dire predictions: understanding global warming. DK. ISBN 978-0-7566-3995-2.
- — (2012). The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-15254-9.
- —; Kump, Lee R. (2015). Dire predictions: understanding global warming (2nd ed.). DK. ISBN 978-1-4654-3364-0.
- —; Toles, Tom (2016). The Madhouse Effect : How Climate Change Denial Is Threatening Our Planet, Destroying Our Politics, and Driving Us Crazy. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-17786-3. ("A preview of The Madhouse Effect". National Center for Science Education. Retrieved 2016-09-01.)
- —; Herbert, Megan (2018). The Tantrum That Saved The World. World Saving Books. ISBN 978-90-828110-0-1.
- "Approving Keystone XL could be the biggest mistake of Obama's presidency" by Michael Mann, The Guardian, 31 January 2014.
- "If You See Something, Say Something", New York Times, Jan. 17, 2014.
- "The Single Shining Hope to Stop Climate Change". Time. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Eduardo Moreno-Chamarro, Zanchettin, Lohmann, Luterbacher & Jungclaus
- Elena A. Ilyashuk, Heiri, B.P. Ilyashuk, Koinig - December 1, 2018
- By Michael E. Mann on April 20, 2018
Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science
Senior Copyediting Coordinator
In their book, Merchants of Doubt, historians Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway explain how a loose–knit group of high-level scientists, with extensive political connections, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades.
“A well-documented, pulls-no-punches account of how science works and how political motives can hijack the process by which scientific information is disseminated to the public.”—Kirkus Review