Thorough, not thoroughly fabricated: The truth about global temperature data
How thermometer and satellite data is adjusted and why it must be done.http://arstechnica.com/science/2016/01/thorough-not-thoroughly-fabricated-the-truth-about-global-temperature-data/
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- Annual timeseries, area-weighted for the whole continent, similar to Figure 2 in Schneider et al. (2012) but including temperature anomalies from GISTEMP for 64-90S (includes some ocean SST) and from the O'Donnell et al. (2011) RLS reconstruction
One of the biggest causes of concern is that the previous analysis did not account for larger trends in factors that affect solar flares and global temperature. For instance, the solar cycle has its 11-year periodic trend, where periods of lots of sunspots cause larger numbers of solar flares. Likewise, the global temperature anomaly has numerous other factors (a “multi-decadal, polynomial trend”) that impacts global temperature fluctuations.
By not detrending this data, the analysis resulted in abnormally high values of certain variables that pointed to Lévy walk processes. By estimating the untrended data, Rypdal and Rypdal hypothesized that the solar flare records might be described by a Lévy flight, while the global temperature anomaly might obey a distribution called persistent fractional Brownian motion. ...
Clouds have definite local impacts, but they get lost in the sauce of a global system. Just like Urban Heat Island effects are real, but regional and globally insignificant.
Yet our atmosphere, the stuff that stands between this living Earth and dead frigid outer space, is a global phenomena that frolly tried to poop poop into irrelevance - another example of denier disconnect from physical reality.
- The Role of Clouds in Climate
- System of Climate Feedbacks Involving Clouds
- Net Effect on Energy and Water Balances
- Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change
- How Clouds Form and Travel
- Computer Climate Models
- Simple Early Views of Clouds
- How Clouds Might Change with Global Warming
- Global Distribution and Character of Clouds
- Clouds cool Earth's surface by reflecting incoming sunlight.
- Clouds warm Earth's surface by absorbing heat emitted from the surface and re-radiating it back down toward the surface.
- Clouds warm or cool Earth's atmosphere by absorbing heat emitted from the surface and radiating it to space.
- Clouds warm and dry Earth's atmosphere and supply water to the surface by forming precipitation.
- Clouds are themselves created by the motions of the atmosphere that are caused by the warming or cooling of radiation and precipitation.