It starts with acknowledging that all we see and experience, is through our senses and then processed by our brains to the best of our individual learning & abilities.
Whereas Religion and Gods were among our earliest achievements, it took thousands and hundreds of thousands of years, if not millions depending on how finely we want to split hairs. In any event, not until roughly 500 years ago did people’s observational and thinking abilities mature enough to enable us to create science. Just as humanity created religions.
But science wasn’t about our inner emotions, insecurities and fear of death.
As for "proofs" - those are reserved for mathematics since nothing in Earth Sciences is ever proven or settled, further learning and refinement of our understanding will always happen and it makes life fun.
Scientific Proof Is A MythEthan Siegel Senior Contributor Forbes, November 22, 2017You've heard of our greatest scientific theories: the theory of … While they provide very strong evidence for those theories, they aren't proof. In fact, when it comes to science, proving anything is an impossibility. …Reality is a complicated place. All we have to guide us, from an empirical point of view, are the quantities we can measure and observe. Even at that, those quantities are only as good as the tools and equipment we use to make those observations and measurements. …We also can't observe or measure everything… At some point, we have to extrapolate. This is incredibly powerful and incredibly useful, but it's also incredibly limiting.In order to come up with a model capable of predicting what will happen under a variety of conditions, we need to understand a few things.
- What we're capable of measuring, and to what precision.
- What's been measured thus far, under specific initial conditions.
- What laws hold for these phenomena, i.e., what observed relationships exist between specific quantities.
- And what the limits are for the things we presently know.
If you understand these things, you have the right ingredients to formulate a scientific theory: a framework for explaining what we already know happens as well as predicting what will happen under new, untested circumstances. …
That could have then been worked into mentioning, or perhaps appreciating says it better, that there is a distinct difference between the Map (science) and the Territory (physical reality) worth recognizing.