Friday, February 10, 2017

#14g Debating GOP Disconnect AGW - Gore’s AIT(27-35) vs SPPI, Monckton's 35 lies

The debate continues #27-35 :

For a more detailed introduction visit #14b Debating GOP Disconnect AGW

Quoting SPPI and Lord Monckton: "Below are the 35 errors pointed out by the SPPI article, with my short summary of the actual truths behind each dishonest fib. See the full explanations at 'ScienceandPublicPolicyorg/monckton/goreerrors.'" 

However, I will demonstrate that SPPI and their Lord M are in fact the malicious liars who politicized the science in order to confuse and stupefy innocents like my pal EM, and to further their self-interested myopic and destructive agenda. 

This last installment covers points 27 to 35: Mosquitoes, tropical diseases, CO2 pollution, 2003 heatwave 35K, Pied flycatchers, bogus pictures, Thames Barrier, Facts are supported.  I appreciate this has been many hours worth of an exercise in futility, though I always learn a bit more.  Still, our new Republican government is too concerned with putting the finishing touches on becoming America's overlords and they could care less about reason or learning or the future beyond their own immediate gratification.  In their shallow hubristic mindscapes our planet Earth has no more depth or substance than a post card.  So why do I care?  Because people still need to know the truth is easy to find, one simply needs the intellectual integrity and curiosity to look for it.

Embedded YouTube videos:
Paul Epstein - Infectious Disease
Earth From Space - Nova/NASA
Trees and Global Warming
The great mountain pine beetle outbreak - a global perspective
How does the Thames barrier protect London from floodings
Ever wonder what caused Global Warming Skepticism?  Then meet Frank Luntz.
The text of Inconvenient Truth provided by:
Reviewing Lord Monckton’s 35 SPPI Errors, Lies and Deceptions Regarding “An Inconvenient Truth.”
Cloned from:  scottthong.wordpress/2007/10/30/35-scientific-errors-or-intentional-lies-in-an-inconvenient-truth/
27. Mosquitoes “climbing to higher altitudes”
> Gore said it - and it's accurate! <
The graph says it all: Wrong.

Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  There are cities that were founded because they were just above the mosquito line. Nairobi is one. Harare is another. There are plenty of others. Now the mosquitoes with warming are climbing to higher altitudes.
The graph is a meaningless diversion.  No source is offered so none of the details of the supposed study behind this supposed graph can be examined.  Oh and the graph is about Malaria, not mosquitos who carry many diseases.  More interestingly, look at the labels, complete nations are assigned one elevation.  To underscore the lunacy of this particular SPPI diversion please consider:

Mexico = -10 m to 5,636 m  (1,700 m = SPPI fail)
Costa Rica = 0 m to 3,810 m  (1,200 m = SPPI fail)
Kenya = 0 m to 5,199 m.          (1,800 m = SPPI fail)
Rwanda = 950 m to 4,507 m  (1,600 m = SPPI fail)
Tanzania = 0 m to 5,895 m  (900 m    = SPPI fail)
Papua NG = 0 m to 4,509 m. (1,400 m = SPPI fail)
Madagascar = 0 m to 2,876 m          (1,000 m = SPPI fail)

Mosquitos have been spreading for a number of reasons including a warming planet.

Malaria risk and temperature: Influences from global climate change and local land use practices
vol. 103 no. 15,  5635–5636, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0601493103

An estimated 700,000 to 2.7 million people die of malaria each year, and 75% of those are African children ( Recent resurgence in the East African highlands involves multiple factors, from climate and land use change to drug resistance, variable disease control efforts, and other sociodemographic factors (1). But malaria is an extremely climate-sensitive tropical disease, making the assessment of potential change in risk due to past and projected warming trends one of the most important climate change/health questions to resolve. Pascual et al. (2) now provide important new insights toward answering this malaria/climate question in their article in this issue of PNAS.

Warming Trends and Malaria …

Malaria and Local Effects on Climate from Land Use Change …

From their conclusion:
… The relentless expansion of malaria in the highlands is exacerbated by rapid population growth and massive land use changes (such as deforestation) that can favor mosquito breeding. Combined with poor access to effective health care and inefficient vector control measures, these challenges demand collaboration across ministries of health, environment, and finance/development at the local, national, and regional levels to best address malaria in the African highlands. …


Jim Erickson | March 6, 2014


Malaria 'spreading to new altitudes'
By Rebecca Morelle
Science reporter, BBC World Service March 7, 2014


As Temperatures Climb, So Does Malaria
The risk area for malaria expanded between 1990 and 2005
By Umair Irfan, ClimateWire on March 7, 2014


New highland distribution records of multiple Anopheles species in the Ecuadorian Andes
Lauren L Pinault and Fiona F Hunter
Malaria Journal 2011  10:236  DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-236
(comparing 1940s census with 2008 to 2010 census)

This study documents the establishment of multiple anopheline species in high altitude regions of Ecuador, often in areas where malaria eradication programs are not focused.
28. Many tropical diseases “spread through ‘global warming’”
> Gore did not say that <
None of the diseases quoted are tropical, none are affected by increasing temperature, and some even cause more harm at colder temperatures.

29. West Nile virus in the US “spread through ‘global warming’”
> Gore did not say that <
West Nile virus flourishes in any climate, from desert to ice.
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  Infectious Disease
There are a lot of vectors for infectious diseases that are worrisome to us that are also expanding their range, not only mosquitoes but all these others as well. 

We’ve had 30 so-called new diseases that have emerged in just the last quarter century. A lot of them like SARS have caused tremendous problems. The resistant forms of tuberculosis. There are others. 

There has been a re-emergence of some diseases that were once under control. The Avian flu, of course, is quite a serious matter, as you know. West Nile Virus came to the eastern shore of Maryland in 1999. Two years later it was across the Mississippi. And two years after that it had spread across the continent. These are very troubling signs.
Endless repetitive deception, SPPI and the political entertainer Lord Monckton couldn’t care less about honesty or facts or society or the future.  They have an ideological war for profit to wage and that’s all they know or care to know.  Disgusting and disheartening.

Paul Epstein - Infectious Disease
Maria O'Meara  |  Published on Nov 12, 2012

How global climate change is accelerating the spread of Lyme disease and other infectious diseases. Interview conducted by Maria O'Meara, January 2011. Shot and edited by Ian Brownell.


How Climate Change Is Exacerbating the Spread of Disease
By Renee Cho  |  September 4, 2014

Some scientists think that climate change, with its increase in sudden and extreme weather events, plays a role in ebola outbreaks: dry seasons followed by heavy rainfalls that produce an abundance of fruit have coincided with outbreaks. …

According to Kris Murray, senior research scientist at EcoHealth Alliance, an organization that researches and educates about the relationships between wildlife, ecosystems and human health, climate change has strong potential to play a role in increasing the risk for ebola.

“With climate change expected to put increasing pressure on food security in Africa, food shortages will push more people to alternative food sources and consumption of bushmeat, like bats, will likely increase,” said Murray. Almost 50 percent of ebola outbreaks have been directly linked to bushmeat consumption and handling. …

The WHO has warned that contagious diseases are on the increase as a result of “the combined impacts of rapid demographic, environmental, social, technological and other changes in our ways-of-living. Climate change will also affect infectious disease occurrence.” A number of diseases well known to be climate-sensitive, such as malaria, dengue fever, West Nile virus, cholera and Lyme disease, are expected to worsen as climate change results in higher temperatures and more extreme weather events. …


Climate change and human health - risks and responses. Summary.

  Table of contents
7 How much disease would climate change cause?


The pandemics of SARS and avian influenza during the past two years have underscored the importance of emerging diseases and their impact on health and economic development. Asia is, unfortunately, at the epicentre of such epidemics. 

Moreover, many new micro-organisms have emerged and several existing communicable diseases are spreading to newer areas. Several of the 30 new micro-organisms detected in last three decades, have profoundly affected many countries in the South-East Asia Region. …


As a result of climate change (T7.1, T7.3), insect vectors will migrate to new geographical regions, carrying with them the potential for extending insect-borne diseases such as bluetongue virus of sheep and cattle (T8.3) and Rift Valley fever (T8.5). Also, climate change may allow diseases to spread to regions where new vectors can act as carriers. …
30. Carbon dioxide is “pollution”
> Gore called it Global Warming pollution - that would be accurate ! <
Forests are thriving due to the increasing CO2 levels.
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  But the problem is that this thin layer of atmosphere is being thickened by all of the global warming pollution that is being put up there. What that does is it thickens this layer of atmosphere. More of the outgoing infrared is trapped. So the atmosphere heats up worldwide.
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  Final misconception: If we accept that this problem is real, maybe it is just too big to do anything about. There are a lot of people who go straight from denial to despair without pausing on the intermediate step of actually doing something about the problem. That’s what I would like to finish with: the fact that we already know everything we need to know to effectively address this problem. We’ve got to do a lot of things, not just one. Increasing end use efficiency we can remove global warming pollution that would other wise be put into the atmosphere.
*  More efficient electrical appliances 
*  Higher mileage cars
*  Other transport efficiency
*  Renewable technology
*  Carbon capture sequestration
They all add up and pretty soon we are below our 1970 emission.
Again the SPPI clowns come up with some lunatic reasoning, a pollutant equals “any substance that renders a natural resource harmful or unsuitable for a specific purpose.”

Real life is filled with many examples of something beneficial at low levels, but too much of a good thing becomes “pollution,” too much of that, becomes poison.  Carbon Dioxide is no different!

Appendix C
Health Risk Evaluation for Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Toxicology of CO2
CO2 is considered to be a potential inhalation toxicant and a simple asphyxiate (Aerias 2005; NIOSH 1976; Priestly 2003). 

It enters the body from the atmosphere through the lungs, is distributed to the blood, and may cause an acid-base imbalance, or acidosis, with subsequent CNS depression (Nelson 2000; Priestly 2003). Acidosis is caused by an overabundance of CO2 in the blood. Under normal physiological circumstances, there is a higher concentration of CO2 in the blood than in the lungs, forming a concentration gradient, where blood CO2 diffuses into the lungs and then is exhaled. 

An increase in inhaled CO2 and subsequent reaction with water in the blood forms carbonic acid (H2CO3), which then dissociates into hydrogen ions [H+] and bicarbonate [HCO3-]. The excess CO2 shifts the equilibrium toward the creation of more hydrogen ions, thus creating an acidic environment (see equation below). During respiratory acidosis, the pH of the blood becomes less than 7.35 (Priestly 2003). … (for the rest of the details link here)

Yes, the increased CO2 is causing a general “greening” though not of the sort that will rescue agriculture production from setbacks caused by a warming world with its chaotic weather patterns.  Incidentally, seems invasive weeds, vines, and non-edible parts of plants are going to be the biggest benefactors.

Posted on 18 April 2011 by villabolo

It is possible to help increase the growth of some plants with extra CO2, under controlled conditions, inside of greenhouses. It is based on this that 'skeptics' make their claims. However, such claims are simplistic. They fail to take into account that once you increase one substance that plants need, you automatically increase their requirements for other substances. It also fails to take into account that a warmer earth will have an increase in deserts and other arid lands which would reduce the area available for crops. …



COLUMBUS, Ohio – A new study suggests that rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could be a boon for agricultural crops, as this greenhouse gas helps crop plants grow and reproduce more.
But that boon comes with a price, said Peter Curtis, a professor of evolution, ecology and organismal biology at Ohio State University. Greater growth and reproduction may hurt the nutritional value of crops.
31. The European heat wave of 2003 “killed 35,000”
Cold snaps kill people, but the IPCC does not include the number of lives that would be saved due to less cold weather.
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  We have already seen some of the heat waves scientists are saying are going to be a lot more common. A couple of years ago in Europe they had that massive heat wave that killed 35,000 people. India didn’t get as much attention, but the same year the temperature there went to 122 degrees Fahrenheit.
More of SPPI’s desperate diversionary lunacy.  You won’t find a cold snap that killed 35,000 people within a month!  But, okay currently in an average year cold does kill many more than heat.  So what?  What’s the point?

Please, what does SPPI's fake have to do with the reality of our gigatons worth of greenhouse gas emissions causing our biosphere to warm beyond its current design limitations. 

AIT is about discussing what we are doing to our biosphere and how that will impact the future, if we don’t take serious action to slow down our impacts.

Cold kills more than heat, CDC says; other researchers caution not necessarily
By Jason Samenow | August 4, 2014


Cold weather is a bigger killer than extreme heat – here’s why
May 22, 2015


Understanding Extreme Heat Events
What Is an Extreme Heat Event?
Health Effects of Extreme Heat Events
Vulnerability to Extreme Heat Events
Climate Change and Extreme Heat Events
Climate Change and a Warming World
Future Climate Change
Extreme Heat Events Will Become More Frequent and More Severe
Projected Health Impacts of Extreme Heat Events in the Future
Responding to Extreme Heat Events
Extreme Heat Programs: Working to Protect Public Health
How Do Extreme Heat Programs Perform?
ConclusionMore Extreme Heat Events Will Increase Need for Public Health Programs

by Climate Nexus
32. Pied flycatchers “cannot feed their young”
> Gore did not say that <
A few tens of kilometres north, and there is no notable difference.
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  So this same phenomenon of changing all these patterns is also affecting the seasons. Here is a study from the Netherlands. The peak arrival date for migratory birds 25 years ago was April 25. Their chicks hatched on June 3, just at the time when the caterpillars were coming out: Nature’s plan. But 20 years of warming later the caterpillars peaked two weeks earlier. The chicks tried to catch up with it, but they couldn’t. So they are in trouble.
This one highlights SPPI’s and the Republican’s infantile disregard for our living planet - that is, this here & now biosphere that we depend on for everything.

Earth From Space - Nova/NASA

Universe TV  |  Published on Sep 23, 2014

The groundbreaking two-hour special that reveals a spectacular new space-based vision of our planet. Produced in extensive consultation with NASA scientists, NOVA takes data from earth-observing satellites and transforms it into dazzling visual sequences, each one exposing the intricate and surprising web of forces that sustains life on earth.

For example most Colorado landscapes are used to a cold season with extended period of freeze that sinks down into the ground.  That freeze has too many impacts and benefits to list here, but just one is killing off beetle larva.  That’s not happening in these (and many other) parts anymore.  This is one of the keys to understanding the Bark Beetle vectors that are killing great forests throughout the Northern Hemisphere.

Trees and Global Warming

A more informative 15:00 min. talk.

The great mountain pine beetle outbreak - a global perspective: 
Diana Six at TEDxUMontana
TEDx Talks  |  Published on Nov 4, 2013

An entomologist tells the story of how a little beetle has ecologically and economically altered North America's forests. 

The question I keep struggling with is how did Republicans become so completely disconnected from Earth?  Why have they abandoned 'enlightened' self-interest?  Even now in this time when every direction one looks reveals real and destructive impacts happening.  It’s here and ignoring it will only increase the destruction and our unpreparedness.

But, do they care?  Koch, his Tea Party, the new Republicans with their Trump and Tillerson, all of them love their ignorance, it makes life easy for them.  Clear black and white answers, they are the chosen.  More profit and power is all that matters and everyone who disagrees is their enemy and Earth is a commodity for them to exploit and consume as fast as possible.  This will turn out very bad indeed.

Oh, but back to what global warming is doing to our world.

Report: Climate Change Threatens Migratory Birds with Shifting Skies
06-18-2013 // Miles Grant

Shifting Skies explains that migratory birds face unique challenges because each season they require different places to live, often thousands of miles apart, to raise their young, migrate and overwinter. At least 350 species in North America fly to South or Central America every fall and return in the spring. The report describes how climate change is adversely affecting bird behavior and includes specific examples in many regions of the U.S.:
Birds’ ranges are shifting and in some cases, contracting. 177 of 305 species tracked have shifted their centers of abundance during the winter northward by 35 miles on average in the past four decades.
Coastal wetlands and beach habitats, home to birds like king rails and piping plovers, are disappearing, inundated by sea level rise.
Global warming is exacerbating pests and disease, such as mountain pine beetle epidemics that have devastated many western forests.
Changing precipitation patterns threaten the Midwest’s prairie pothole region, known as "America’s duck factory." Many ducks such as mallards and pintails face disappearing breeding habitat.


How climate change is affecting birds

One large-scale study showed that birds are laying eggs up at an average rate of 6.6 days earlier per decade.
The Common Murre in North America has advanced its breeding date 24 days per decade.
North American Tree Swallows are nesting up to 9 days earlier than 30 years ago, corresponding to an increase in average spring temperatures.

Migration times are shifting
Birds are migrating earlier in the spring. A study of 63 years of data for 96 species of bird migrants in Canada showed that 27 species have altered their arrival dates significantly, with most arriving earlier, in conjunction with warming spring temperatures.
Birds also seem to be delaying autumn departure: in a study of 13 North American passerines, 6 species were found to delay their departure dates in conjunction with global warming.
Some birds in Europe are even failing to migrate all together.

Bird behaviour and their environment are becoming mismatched
Much of a bird’s life cycle and behaviour is closely linked to cues from the environment, like changing seasons. A mismatch occurs when birds cannot shift their behaviour, such as breeding times, enough to coincide with changes in environment, such as when prey is available.
Long-distance migrants are particularly at risk of a mismatch as it is harder for them to know what conditions might be like at the end of the migration route. For example, wood warblers in North America aren’t migrating earlier from their neotropical wintering grounds, despite earlier springs in their northern breeding ranges – this risks a late arrival, after spring food sources on breeding grounds are gone.

Distributions are changing
Bird populations are expected to shift poleward, or to higher elevations, to stay with their ideal temperatures as the climate changes.
A study of 35 North American warbler species found that the range of occurrence of seven of the species (Prothonotary Warbler, Blue-winged Warbler, Golden-winged Warbler, Black-throated Gray Warbler, Pine Warbler, Hooded Warbler, and Cape May Warbler) has shifted significantly north in the past 24 years, by an average of 65 miles. None of the birds shifted to the south.
Ontario Breeding Bird Atlas data demonstrates that “southern” birds species such as Tufted Titmouse, Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher, Northern Mockingbird, and Red-bellied Woodpecker have increased in number and have expanded their range northwards in Ontario compared to 20 years ago.
These climate-induced shifts are not always a solution to coping with a warming climate. Birds on the move could be stymied in their efforts to find new ranges by fragmentation, human development, or natural geological features like large bodies of water.

Ecological communities are disrupted
Global warming can change entire ecological communities. Food and nesting material that birds depend on may no longer be there. Birds may face new prey, parasites, competitors, and predators to which they are not adapted.
In the northern Hudson Bay area, mosquitoes now reach peak numbers earlier in the spring. Thick-billed Murres breeding in the area have not adjusted their behaviour, and the combination of heat and mosquitoes is causing higher egg loss and greater adult mortality.
Parts of northern Minnesota and southwestern Ontario may end up with 14 fewer species of warblers than are currently found there. This could lead to increased outbreaks of some forest pests like spruce budworms.
2005 saw unprecedented failures of colonies of seabirds on the Pacific coast of North America. Only 8% of the Cassin’s Auklets nesting on Triangle Island were successful. This is because late northerly winds delayed coastal upwelling, which affected plankton growth and caused a decline in the fish species on which the seabirds depend.
Tufted Puffins at Canadian sites have breeding success near zero when water is at its warmest, which could mean that Canada’s largest breeding colony for this species, Scott Islands, becomes unsuitable for Tufted Puffins as water continues to warm.

Extinction risks are on the rise
Birds most at risk of extinction from climate change are those with restricted ranges, poor ability to move their range, small populations, or those already facing conservation challenges.
Migratory birds are particularly vulnerable to climate change effects, because they depend on multiple habitats and sites.
Arctic birds are particularly vulnerable – warming is occurring rapidly here, and at least 85 of the world’s bird species breed in global Arctic regions. Vast areas of habitat, including tundra and sea ice, will be lost. Sea ice retreat could have severe consequences for Ivory Gulls, which forage along sea ice. Canadian Ivory Gulls have already declined in number by 90% over the past two decades.

Climate change is now affecting bird species’ behaviour, ranges and population dynamics
Some bird species are already experiencing negative impacts
In the future, climate change will put large numbers of birds at risk of extinction
33. Gore’s bogus pictures and film footage
> SPPI, this is simply stupid <
Gore plays fast and loose with falsely used images.
One of a thousand examples of the Lord and SPPI acting more like infantile juvenile delinquents than adults or concerned citizens.

What’s the problem with them?
34. The Thames Barrier “closing more frequently”
> no mention of London, or the Thames, nor the barrier! <
It is closed to retain tidal water in the Thames.
> Seriously ! ? That’s daft - but do Republican care? <
Again an example of SPPI’s disregard for accuracy and contempt for actually learning about how our planet operates.

How does the Thames Barrier stop London flooding?
By Tom de Castella | February 2014 | BBC News Magazine

SINCE it was built in 1982, the Thames Barrier has been raised 150 times in order to prevent flooding in central London. This year's wet winter has required it to be closed 28 times since December 6, accounting for 18.7 per cent of the total closures in its 32-year history.

How does the Thames barrier protect London from floodings

TomoNews US published on February 18, 2014

The Thames Barrier was built in 1982 on the Thames on the eastern side of the capital at Woolwich, it was constructed to prevent water flowing upstream towards London during high tides, inundating areas upriver and causing flooding in densely populated areas of the capital.
35. “No fact…in dispute by anybody.”
Do I even have to mention these?
{of course, they can’t mention them because they concern niggling third and fourth order details.  The overall situation is crystal clear.}
Quoting Gore's An Inconvenient Truth:  Isn’t there a disagreement among scientists about whether the problem is real or not? Actually, not really. … 

The misconception that there is disagreement about the science has been deliberately created by a relatively small number of people. One of their internal memos leaked and here is what it said according to the press. Their objective is to reposition global warming as a theory rather than fact. This has happened before.
The fundamental fact of what’s driving today’s global warming is the atmosphere’s insulation ability.  Scientists have achieved a thorough understanding of the physics and the roll that greenhouse gases play.  

They know how much heat the overall global system is accumulating in exquisite detail.  Proof of their scientific and technical mastery can found in the many modern marvels that would utterly impossible had a detailed understanding not been achieved.

CO2 Science - Why We Can Be Sure.


Ever wonder what caused Global Warming Skepticism? Then meet Frank Luntz.
Garrett Mac | Published on Oct 2, 2016

In a 2002 memo to President George W. Bush titled "The Environment: A Cleaner, Safer, Healthier America", obtained by the Environmental Working Group, Luntz wrote: "The scientific debate is closing ... but not yet closed. There is still a window of opportunity to challenge the science.... Voters believe that there is no consensus about global warming within the scientific community. Should the public come to believe that the scientific issues are settled, their views about global warming will change accordingly. 

Therefore, you need to continue to make the lack of scientific certainty a primary issue in the debate, and defer to scientists and other experts in the field." ...
One final example of the Republican disconnect from objective reality:

SPPI: CONCLUSION: It’s clear that Al Gore and his film have got the facts totally wrong, reversed, upside-down and etc on almost every count. An Inconvenient Truth is truly an amazing piece of bullcr@p, and it’s even more amazing that anybody still trusts anything it and Gore have to say.

In Conclusion:

Meet The Climate Denial Machine
JILL FITZSIMMONS. |. November 28, 2012

Despite the overwhelming consensus among climate experts that human activity is contributing to rising global temperatures, 66 percent of Americans incorrectly believe there is "a lot of disagreement among scientists about whether or not global warming is happening." The conservative media has fueled this confusion by distorting scientific research, hyping faux-scandals, and giving voice to groups funded by industries that have a financial interest in blocking action on climate change. 

Meanwhile, mainstream media outlets have shied away from the "controversy" over climate change and have failed to press U.S. policymakers on how they will address this global threat. When climate change is discussed, mainstream outlets sometimes strive for a falsebalance that elevates marginal voices and enables them to sow doubt about the science even in the face of mounting evidence.

Here, Media Matters looks at how conservative media outlets give industry-funded "experts" a platform, creating a polarized misunderstanding of climate science.


Attack of the climate-denial books
Conservative think tanks fuel publishing boom that spreads misinformation
MARCH 12, 2013

It is one of a growing number of climate-change-denial books in the US and abroad, most of which have “a strong link” to influential conservative think tanks, according to a new study by Riley E. Dunlap of Oklahoma State University and Peter J. Jacques of the University of Central Florida. Their analysis found that authors of nearly 90 percent of books from publishing houses (others were self-published) had ties to conservative think tanks such as the Competitive Enterprise Institute, the Heartland Institute, the Cato Institute, and the Marshall Institute.

The books help think tanks and others promote conservative causes, raise uncertainty about the threat of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, and downplay the need for reducing carbon emissions, Dunlap said in an interview. They are a perfect vehicle for the “top-down diffusion of climate-science denial from elites and conservative think tanks in this country to rank-and-file Republicans and Tea Party members,” he said.


Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis

 1 Front Matter - 0.8MB
 2 Summary for Policymakers - 
 3 Technical Summary - 
 1 Introduction - 
 2 Observations: Atmosphere and Surface - 
 3 Observations: Ocean - 
 4 Observations: Cryosphere - 
 5 Information from Paleoclimate Archives - 
 6 Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles - 
 7 Clouds and Aerosols - 
 8 Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing - 
 9 Evaluation of Climate Models -
 10 Detection and Attribution of Climate Change: from Global to Regional - 
 11 Near-term Climate Change: Projections and Predictability - 
 12 Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility - 
 13 Sea Level Change - 
 14 Climate Phenomena and their Relevance for Future Regional Climate Change - 
 I Atlas of Global and Regional Climate Projections - 
 II Climate System Scenario Tables -
 III Glossary - 
 IV Acronyms - 
 V Contributors to the WGI Fifth Assessment Report - 0.2MB
 VI Expert Reviewers of the WGI Fifth Assessment Report - 0.5MB 
 1 Index 0.2MB

 2 Errata (Updated 11/12/2015)
_______________________________________________________________ has put together a collection of all contrarian arguments, and there are hundreds, with a review of why said arguments are false or misleading.  Check it out at

No comments: